Single Glazing Single Glazed Double Glazed Thick glass Window in situ
Helpful Resources | History of Glass


The history of glass can be traced back to 3500BC in Mesopotamia (today known as Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Syrian and Israel).  Glass was discovered by accident when some sea merchants who had a beach campfire in the sand found that the soda ash and limestone had formed a hard clear substance that was left in the ashes.

The Romans were the first to use glass for windows.

1226 - poor quality and opaque broad sheets were made in Sussex but ceased in the early 16 century.

1330 - window glass was produced in France by Crown Glass and some of this was imported to England.

1620 - blown plate was made in London using the broad sheet which as grinded and polished and used for mirrors and coach plates.

1678 - Crown Glass first produced a finer quality process in London and was around till the mid 19th century.

1688 - polished plate using hand polishing in larger sizes was carried out by the French.  In 1773 the English produced polished plate and in 1800 the steam engine wasused to carry out the grinding and polishing.

1834 - improved cylinder sheet using the German process was introduced by Robert Lucas Chance.  This process was used into the early 20th century. 

1847 - James Hartley introduced a rolled plat glass with obscured ribbed finish.

1886 - Chance Bros introduced machine rolled patterned glass

1898 - Pilkingtons introduced Hexagonal Rolled wire cast.

1903 - Machine Drawn Cylinder Glass was invented in USA and manufactured by Pilkingtons UK from 1910 to 1933

1913 - Belgium made the first machine flat drawn flat glass and then produced in the UK in 1919

1923 - First UK production of continuous polished plate glass, using single grinding system.

1938 - Pilkingtons developed the twin ground polished plate system.

1959 - float glass was launched on the UK Market, invented by Sir Alistair Pilkington.



Glass History
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